ZOOM takes listeners inside the global race to build the car of the future, as pioneers in Japan, India, China, and the United States tackle the challenge of creating automobiles that will run on cleaner energy sources. The authors write that "Oil is the problem. Cars are the solution." We are living in the midst of a Great Awakening in which environmentalists, entrepreneurs, and political leaders are forming new alliances to end our addiction to oil and create new technologies. The days of Big Oil and Big Auto are numbered, according to the authors, who show how we are in the midst of a major transformation from carbon-based energy sources to new fuels and technologies. ZOOM traces the history of the linked industries of oil and automobiles, and how the two have shaped domestic capitalism and the international landscape, creating both progress and peril. They explain how Toyota vanquished American competitors to become the world's largest automobile manufacturer and, more importantly, a leader in hybrid cars using electric power. They take us into the boardrooms of oil executives and show how some are boldly exploring new energy sources while others deny the dangers posed by oil, and risk extinction. With wide-ranging analysis and a keen view of the key players in the intersecting worlds of energy and automobiles, authors Iain Carson and Vijay Vaitheeswaran tell the story of what may be the most important challenge facing the industrial world: how to make the transition from the Age of Petroleum to a cleaner and better future. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Vijay V. Vaitheeswaran. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/hach/000075/bk_hach_000075_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Increasing pressure on global reserves of petroleum at a time of growing demand for personal transport in developing countries, together with concerns over atmospheric pollution and carbon dioxide emissions, are leading to a requirement for more sustainable forms of road transport. Major improvements in the efficiency of all types of road vehicles are called for, along with the use of fuels derived from alternative sources, or entirely new fuels. Towards Sustainable Road Transport first describes the evolution of vehicle designs and propulsion technologies over the past two centuries, before looking forward to possible new forms of energy to substitute for petroleum. The book also discusses the political and socio-economic drivers for change, investigates barriers to their broad implementation, and outlines the state-of-the-art of candidate power sources, advanced vehicle design, and associated infrastructure. The comprehensive technical informationsupplied by an expert author team ensures that Towards Sustainable Road Transport will provide readers with a clear understanding of the ongoing progress in this field and the challenges still to be faced.Drivers of technological change in road transport and the infrastructure requirementsDiscussion of alternative fuels for internal combustion engines and fuel conversion technologiesDetailed exploration of current and emerging options for vehicle propulsion, with emphasis on hybrid/ battery electric traction, hydrogen, and fuel cellsComparative analysis of vehicle design requirements, primary power source efficiency, and energy storage systems
The need to take advantage of the benefits of implementation of technology in higher education in Nigeria and the fact that a number of e-learning opportunities have been identified through a previous study by Areye (2005) and that such opportunities would contribute to the economic development of Nigeria and diversification of her petroleum dependent economy, this research was conceived to identify possible strategies that can be adopted to form an e-strategy model for the successful implementation of e-learning in Nigeria. Thus, this research focused on developing an e-strategy for practical implementation of e-learning in the Higher Education Institutions of Nigeria. The research findings affirm the need for e-learning implementation in Nigerian higher educational institutions but also showed that though some progress has been made, a lot still needs to be done especially with respect the infrastructural base of Nigeria. The researcher suggests collaboration of Nigerian higher educational institutions with their foreign counterparts in order to reduce the digital divides and to progressively facilitate technologically-driven teaching and learning in their institutions.
Forensics (Forensic Science) is multi-disciplinary field having highly specialized analytical work, which offers latest techniques and technology for investigation in determining the nature of the crime. It has shaped the world of justice, fueling crime investigations and signifying the progress of modern technology in criminal or other legal evidences. While nanotechnology allows the scientists to create, explore, and manipulate materials measured in nanometers. Nano-forensics is a completely new area of forensic science associated with the applications of nanotechnology in crimes, crime scene and terrorist activity investigations by determining the presence of explosives, biological agents and trace evidences etc. Terrorist's activities, like drug trafficking eco-crimes, high profile crimes, robbery hit and run cases, building collapse, petroleum products adulteration are some of the latest forms of crimes. In many cases, forensic evidence is a key to obtain a conviction and often only very small quantities of forensic material are found on a suspect. Nanotechnology plays an important role in addressing current concerns by providing trace evidence analysis.
The main target of my project was to synthesize a biosurfactant by utilizing some microbial strains either known or isolated from a petroleum contaminated environment. The study of the different growth conditions of the microbial culture for attaining optimum surface properties was also an essential target. Mutation of the microbial strain was another route to increase the microbial potential with respect to the surface activity of the obtained biosurfactant. Thus, the produced biosurfactant was aimed to make progress in biodegradation of crude petroleum oil contaminating sea water in a locality at Suez, Egypt. It was expected that the target biosurfactant may enhance biodegradation of the hydrophobic petroleum oil either by emulsification or solublization or both.
Nigeria is abundantly blessed with all major sources of energy, solar power, wind, geothermal and bio-energy. But my country lacks the expertise to control and utilize these sources of power, our hydro energy is underutilized and there are huge reserves of fossil fuel energy in form of coal, petroleum and gas resources. We are the eighth largest producer of crude oil in the world. We flare about 2.5 billion cubic feet of gas per day (about 50% of the total daily production). Currently, we have three hydro and eleven thermal generating plants with total installed capacity of 7876MW while the total output capacity stands less than 4000MW. Our over 140 million population makes output per head 21W. Average consumption time is 2 hours per day. Therefore, economic progress and prosperity remain an illusion. For the most populous black nation in the world, this is close to a catastrophe, simply unacceptable.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Value of Work Done (VOWD) is a project management technique for measuring project cost. It is mainly used in project environments of the Petroleum industry and is defined as the value of goods and services received, regardless of whether or not they have been paid for. Unlike the Earned Value, which measures the value of goods and services received as a percentage of the planned value, the VOWD is not measured against the plan, but against the Forecast. From an Earned Value Management point of view, the VOWD is comparable to the Actual Cost rather than the Earned Value. VOWD of EPC (contract) Services are measured in terms of actual physical progress based on the documentary evidence of the deliverable produced. The VOWD is determined by applying the percentage of physical progress achieved to the current estimated value of the cost of that item, which is in general the contract value, including any approved changes.